Algorithms and architecture

Parisi, Luciana,  Contagious Architecture: Computation, Aesthetics, and Space, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2013. Also see her article, “Symbiotic Architecture: Prehending Digitality“, Theory, Culture and Society, 2009, Vol. 26, No. 2-3: 346-374, and her lecture on vimeo, “For a New Computational Aesthetics: Algorithmic Environments as Actual Objects”.

Carpo, Mario, The Alphabet and the Algorithm, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2011.

DeLanda, Manuel, “Deleuze and the Use of the Genetic Algorithm in Architecture”, published variously. Also see his lecture on the same at Columbia University, uploaded 2009 on YouTube here.


Algorithms and journalism

Anderson, C.W., “Deliberative, Agonistic, and Algorithmic Audiences: Journalism’s Vision of Its Public in an Age of Audience Transparency”, International Journal of Communication, Vol.5, 2011.

Pinsker, Joe, “Algorithm-Generated Articles Don’t Foretell the End of Journalism”, The Atlantic, 30 June 2014.

Diakopoulos, Nicholas, “Algorithmic Accountability: On the Investigation of Black Boxes”, published at the Tow Centre for Digital Journalism, 3 December 2014.


Algorithms and finance

Lenglet, Marc, “Conflicting Codes and Codings: How Algorithmic Trading is Reshaping Financial Regulation, Theory, Culture and Society, 2011, Vol. 28(6): 44-66.

Amoore, Louise, “Data Derivatives: On the Emergence of a Security Risk Calculus for Our Times”, Theory, Culture and Society, 2011, Vol. 28(6): 24-43.


Algorithms and art

Pepi, Michael, “Iconology in the Age of the Algorithm”, ArtWrit, Spring 2011.


Algorithms and the Internet

Snake-Beings, Emit, “From Ideology to Algorithm: the Opaque Politics of the Internet”, Transformations, Vol. 23, 2013.

Mager, Astrid, “Algorithmic Ideology: How Capitalism Shapes our Search Engines”, Information, Communication and Society, Vol. 15(5), 2012: 769-787.

Hillis, Ken, Michael Petit, and Kylie Jarrett, Google and the Culture of Search, Abingdon: Routledge, 2013.


Algorithms and social media

Tarleton, Gillespie, “Facebook, Google, and the surprisingly intricate curation of what’s online”, published on own website.

—, “Can an algorithm be wrong? Twitter Trends, the specter of censorship, and our faith in the algorithms around us”, Culture Digitally, Oct 19, 2011.

Gillespie, Tarleton., “The Dirty Job of Keeping Facebook Clean”, Culture Digitally, February 22, 2012.


Questioning the dominance of algorithms

Bogost, Ian, “The Cathedral of Computation”, The Atlantic, 15 Jan 2015.

Barocas, Solon, Sophie Hood, and Malte Ziewitz. 2013. “Governing Algorithms: A Provocation Piece.” Available at SSRN 2245322.

Lafrance, Adrienne, “Not Even the People Who Write Algorithms Really Know How They Work”, The Atlantic, 18 September 2015.


Algorithms and visual culture

Uricchio, William, “The Algorithmic Turn: Photosynth, Augmented Reality and the Changing Implications of the Image”, Visual Studies 26 (1): 25-35, 2011.


Beer, David, “Power through the algorithm? Participatory web cultures and the technological unconscious”, New Media & Society, Vol 11(6), 2009: 985-1002.

—, “Algorithms: Shaping Tastes and Manipulating the Circulations of Popular Culture”, in Popular Culture and New Media: The Politics of Circulation, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

— (ed.), “The Social Power of Algorithms”, a special issue of Information, Communications & Society, 2017.


Gillespie, Tarleton, “The Relevance of Algorithms”, in Gillespie, Pablo J. Boczkowski and Kirsten A. Foot (eds), Media Technologies: Essays on Communication, Materiality and Society, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2014.  See also Fred Turner’s comments in his chapter in the same, “The World Outside and the Pictures in Our Networks”, especially pp. 252-254.

—, “Algorithm” (draft for the Digital Keywords project), Culture Digitally, June 25, 2014.


Striphas, Ted, and Blake Hallinan, “Recommended for you: The Netflix Prize and the production of algorithmic culture”, New Media & Society, 2014: 1-24.

Striphas, Ted, “What is an Algorithm?”, Culture Digitally, 1 February, 2012.

—, “The Archive of Algorithmic Culture”, published on own website, various dates.


Kitchin, Rob and Martin Dodge, Code/Space: Software and Everyday Life, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2011.


Kockelman, Paul, “The Anthropology of an Equation. Sieves, Spam Filters, Agentive Algorithms, and Ontologies of Transformation”, HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory 3 (3): 33-61, 2013.


Kowalski, Robert, “Algorithm = Logic + Control”, Communications of the ACM 22 (7): 424-36, 1979.


Kushner, S, “The Freelance Translation Machine: Algorithmic Culture and the Invisible Industry”, New Media & Society 15 (8): 1241-58, 2013.


Lippold, Cheney, John, “A New Algorithmic Identity: Soft Biopolitics and the Modulation of Control”, Theory, Culture & Society, November 2011, Vol. 28(6): 164-181.


MacCormick, John, 9 Algorithms That Changed the Future. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012.


O’Reilly, Tim, “Open Data and Algorithmic Regulation”, in Lauren Goldstein and Lauren Dyson (eds), Beyond Transparency: Open Data and the Future of Civic Innovation, San Francisco, Calif.: Code for America Press, 2013.


Seaver, Nick, “Knowing Algorithms”, Media in Transition 8, Cambridge, MA, 2013.


Ziewitz, Malte, “How to think about an algorithm? Notes from a not quite random walk”, Discussion paper for a symposium on “Knowledge Machines between Freedom and Control”, 6-7 October 2011, draft version 29 September 2011.

Algorithms and Netflix

Madrigal, Alexis C., <"How Netflix Reverse Engineered Hollywood", The Atlantic, 2 Jan 2014